What’s that bump between your toes? It can often feel rough and look inflamed, but what is it? It might be a corn or callus. By understanding corns and calluses in Manhattan and Brooklyn, NY, you can better treat your symptoms. Let’s take a closer look at corns and calluses.

What are Corns and Calluses?

The skin on your toes will harden when there is too much friction or pressure on your feet for extended periods of time—this is when corns and calluses begin to form. This friction occurs when something repeatedly comes into contact with part of the foot, and uneven pressure can occur when your bodyweight is not properly distributed. Both friction and uneven pressure are thought to be the result of poor shoe choice, so choose your shoes wisely!

Corns and calluses are very similar in how they form: the skin on the foot becomes thick and rough to the touch. The thickened skin will eventually become dead tissue, and the layer underneath becomes irritated. When pressure is applied to the affected area, the irritation can cause pain. However, corns and calluses do form in different areas of the foot:

  • Corns are found on the toes
  • Calluses form on the bottom of the foot

For patients in Manhattan and Brooklyn understanding corns and calluses, and how they form is important in seeking treatment from Dr. Speilfogel and Dr. Kleyner at Hamilton Foot and Ankle Associates.

Causes of Corns and Calluses

As with many other conditions, there may not be just one cause for these conditions. However, poor shoe choice is thought to be the main reason corns and calluses develop in Manhattan, Brooklyn and other areas. Some examples of ill-fitting shoes include:

  • Shoes that are too tight or pinch the toes
  • High-heeled shoes that unevenly distribute weight
  • Shoes that are too loose and do not fit properly
  • Shoes that do not provide proper arch support

In addition to poor shoe choice, there are other foot conditions that contribute to the development of corns and calluses—like hammertoe. Those who have foot deformities may also be at a higher risk of developing corns and calluses in Manhattan, NY and Brooklyn, NY.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Following a physical examination of the foot, your podiatrist should be able to diagnose your condition. Simply changing your shoes and being more mindful of how shoe choice affects your feet can usually clear up and prevent mild corns and calluses. Your podiatrist may also recommend the following home remedies to eliminate mild corns and calluses:

  • Padding: To protect the area where the corn is located, you can use small pads that shield the area from friction.
  • Massage: Rubbing corns and calluses following a shower with a pumice stone or a callus file to eliminate the thickened skin.

Larger corns and calluses may have to be surgically reduced. Your Brooklyn and Manhattan, New York foot doctors, Dr. Speilfogel and Dr. Kleyner, will use a blade to carefully shave away the thickened or dead skin—this is similar to how a pumice stone works, but much more effective. The procedure is painless and is usually completed on an outpatient basis. A cortisone injection may also be used to reduce pain caused by corns or calluses.

Contact Hamilton Foot and Ankle Associates in Manhattan and Brooklyn for corns and calluses treatment.